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The EFFICOMP project brings together 5 European and 4 Japanese partners who will perform coordinated research and innovation actions on topics of common interests, thus contributing to the deepening and widening of the existing cooperation between Europe and Japan.

Part production for serial application is an important brick of integrated long term cooperation between the two cultures.  Large companies in Japan have key competencies for composite raw material elaboration, carbon fibre manufacturing and composite part production.Composite parts produced in Japan could be utilized by European aircraft manufacturers, as it is often realized in aerospace industries. Furthermore, certification is a greatly important issue for the Japanese industry and it is thus necessary to develop more efficient tests for new exigencies, such as sparking during lightning-strike impact on composite structures.

As a result, EFFICOMP proposes an EU-Japan collaboration on topics of common interest, for research on low-cost composite production as well as on sparks detection during lightning strike tests.

An EU-Japan Collaboration: The Japan perspective – Why Europe?

The Japanese aerospace industry has a strategic objective to diversify its activity and become a more significant and autonomous actor in the aerospace market. An EU-Japan collaboration could contribute to this, as European partners have challenging minds and great experience in advanced technologies by corporation with Japanese domestic unique technologies.

An EU-Japan Collaboration: The European perspective – Why Japan?

An established close relation between the European aerospace industries and  the Japanese composite material suppliers will allow the former to get access to more innovate and affordable composite materials, such as carbon fiber and prepreg.

Airbus Group

Airbus Group

Airbus Group

Airbus Group Innovations is the AIRBUS Group’s global research and technology network. In addition to primary locations in Munich/Ottobrunn and Paris/Suresnes, it also has branches in Getafe, Spain; Newport and Filton, U.K.; Toulouse, Nantes and Méaulte, France; Hamburg, Bremen and Stade, Germany; Singapore; Bangalore, India; Beijing, China and Moscow, Russia. Altogether, the Airbus Group Innovations international network employs more than 800 people.

It provides world-class capabilities in aeronautics, defence and space research topics. Consistent with the AIRBUS Group research & technology strategy and covering the skills and technology fields that are of critical importance to the Airbus group of companies, the Airbus Group Innovations is organized in seven trans-national Technical Capability Centres: Composites Technologies - Metallic Technologies & Surface Engineering - Structures Engineering, Production & Aeromechanics - Sensors, Electronics and Systems Integration – Engineering, Physics, IT, Security Services & Simulation – Energy & Propulsion - Innovative Concepts & Scenarios.

The Airbus Group Innovations is an operational and strategic entity for the creation of added value by technology innovation. It fosters technological excellence and business orientation through the sharing of competences and means between the various partners of Airbus Group and it develops and maintain partnerships with world-famous schools, universities and research centres.

Airbus Group Innovation is equipped with:

  • Manufacturing devices devoted to research and development activity; fibre placement machine for thermoset, thermoplastic and dry fibre placement, injection devices for RTM, RFI, LRI process, autoclave and and ovens capable of 400°C to manufacture samples and demonstrators, specific apparatus with regulation device for resistive curing of composite parts
  • Material characterization devices such as DSC, DMA, IRFT, TGA, Viscosity, SEM, optical microscopy, tensile/compression machines up to 20 000 kg,, impact machines, NDT C-SCAN, X ray, etc.

DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUER LUFT – UND RAUMFAHRT EV (DLR)

The German Aerospace Centre (DLR) is an independent non-profit research establishment with the objectives to carry out research in aeronautics, space, energy, and transportation, to construct and operate large scale test facilities, to manage aerospace projects, and to serve as the German space agency.

DLR activities are conducted in 32 research/management units located in 16 sites, and with about 8000 employees in total. In particular for aeronautics, research activities include aerodynamics for fixed and rotary wing aircraft, materials and structures, system studies for transportation systems, flight guidance and air traffic management, propulsion and turbo jet engines, test and simulation.

The DLR Institute of “Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems”, with a staff of more than160 people including many senior scientists, has more than 25 years of experience in the field of composite technology. Based on experience in computer supported design, manufacturing and testing of high performance composites the research activities in the last 10 years have focused on Liquid Composite Moulding (LCM) technologies and concepts resulting in highly effective manufacturing concepts. In particular material qualification, preforming, resin infusion, tooling concepts, temperature management and design for manufacturing and quality assurance aspects have been investigated.

The department is well equipped with manufacturing facilities like autoclaves of different sizes, infusion and injection equipment. In addition, there are different alternative heating facilities available, like water heating equipment, induction heating equipment and microwave heating equipment.

For the evaluation of novel technologies plays the benefit assessment a crucial role in composite industry. In addition to the participation in developing novel technologies in EFFICOMP, DLR assesses the benefits of all developed technologies. As the WP-leader of Cost Analysis in WP 5,  DLR implements the DLR internally developed Eco-Efficiency Assessment Model (EEAM). Eco-Efficiency Assessment Model (EEAM)  is a bottom-up economic and ecological assessment model for the manufacturing and assembly processes of the composite structures. Designed and developed by DLR, this model is based on the ISO-14040 Standards for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). In EEAM,  Business Process Modeling and Notation (BPMN) is implemented in establishing a hierarchical process structure in order to have a comprehensive as well as transparent description of the assessed processes.

University of Stuttgart

The University of Stuttgart is a research-intensive university with a predominantly engineering and natural science orientation and its special profile includes linking these subject areas with humanities and social sciences.

The Institute of Aircraft Design (IFB) is part of the faculty “Aerospace Engineering” of the University of Stuttgart and will be involved in the EFFICOMP project. It has more than 40 years of experience in composite materials, design and production of aerospace-, automotive- and wind-energy structures. Three professors, approximately 60 researchers and 5 technicians are working on basic research topics (aircraft pre-design, simulation tools, design guidelines, testing methods, new material systems, fracture-mechanics, manufacturing technologies) and on composites related applications. “Textile structural composites” has been a research focal point for more than 10 years.

The Institute of Aircraft Design (IFB) is well equipped with:

  • Composite manufacturing facilities:
    • autoclave, hot-press, RTM-facility, filament winding machine, braiding machines, TFP machine and a mechanical workshop
  • Material characterization, process analysis and development facilities:
    • Physical testing
      • Material and structural tests (static between -55°C and 250°C, dynamic)
      • Laboratory for thermal analysis (DMA, DSC, TGA, TMA, stereo/light- REM microscopy)
      • Draping test rig with optical QS-system (preform topology, fibre orientations, wrinkling, gapping …)
      • Testing rigs for characterization of fibre and prepreg draping capabilities for measurements between room temperature and 80°C (uni-/multiaxial tensile load, friction test, bias-extension test, cantilever test …)
      • Permeability test rig (in plane, though thickness, adjustable fibre volume fraction)
    • Simulation capabilities
      • FEM-simulation tools
      • CFD-simulation tools
      • CAD-Lab (CATIA IV and V, Siemens NX)
      • Process simulation (draping, braiding, TFP, infusion)
      • Virtual Process Chain / Digital Fingerprint (HDF5)
      • Mapping
      • Virtual Testing (stiffness, strength)
      • Structural Simulation (fatigue, dynamic, static, impact, residual strength, thermal expansion/delta alpha)
      • Bonding Simulation / Crack-Growth

The IFB is WP-leader of WP 2, which focuses on the developments to meet the declared goals for material, energy and cycle time reduction with new processes and materials. As well as participating in WP 4 (Manufacturing of validation element) and WP 6 (Management and dissemination). In addition, some input for WP 5 (Cost analysis) is generated.

TU Delft

Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)

TU Delft

The Delft University of Technology is the biggest technical University in The Netherlands, and the only University with a faculty of Aerospace Engineering. More specifically, the group of Structural Integrity and Composites from the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering is involved in EFFICOMP.

Technische Universiteit Delft, founded in 1842, is the oldest, largest and most comprehensive University of Technology in The Netherlands. It offers a wide variety of education in Science, Engineering and Design. A total of 16.000 students are enrolled in one of its 14 bachelor programs or in one of its 41 master including several Erasmus Mundus Masters.

The disciplinary group within TUD involved in EFFICOMP is the Structural Integrity and Composites Section, which belongs to the Aerospace Structures and Materials Department of the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering. The Faculty of Aerospace Engineering is a well-established research and education institute, one of the largest in the world. Its unique technical infrastructure includes a flying test bed in the form of a Cessna Aircraft (jointly owned and operated with the NLR), an Aerospace Structures and Materials Laboratory (ASML) where research can be performed from a micro-level (i.e. chemistry of polymers) a macro-level (i.e. manufacturing and testing of structural components), as well as numerous research wind tunnels. More specifically, the Structural Integrity and Composites Section closes the loop from design to realization by focusing on research related to the manufacturing, maintenance, and repairing of aerospace structures. The Section has three research pillars of the group: (1) Fatigue, Damage Tolerance, and Durability; (2) Manufacturing/Joining; and (3) Non-destructive Testing and Structural Health Monitoring. This section is worldwide known by the development of GLARE, knowledge on fatigue of aerospace structures pioneered by Prof. J. Schijve and for being the incubator of advanced thermoplastic composites in Europe.

In EFFICOMP, TU Delft will be involved in the activities related to the development of efficient joining techniques as well as the demonstration at TRL4-5, following their experience as Demonstrator leaders in Eco Design ITD (Clean Sky JTU).

EASN Technology Innovation Services (EASN-TIS)

EASN (European Aeronautics Science Network) is the European Association of Academics involved in Aeronautics related research activities. EASN-TIS is the legal entity contractually linked to the EASN Association and authorized to act on its behalf in EFFICOMP.

The European Aeronautics Science Network (EASN Association) is the Association of the European Academia active in Aeronautics research. Its main goal is to support the development and dissemination of new knowledge, innovation and breakthrough technologies through fundamental research in Aeronautics. It represents the Academia in ACARE and other EU forums and committees. EASN has about 280 registered active members including individuals, university labs, universities and other organizations, through which it connects to more than 10,000 academic staff, researchers and scientists throughout Europe. Furthermore, EASN has agreements with industrial and SME networks and organizations for the dissemination and exploitation of knowledge and research related information.

The EASN Association will be represented in this project by EASN Technology Innovation Services (EASN-TIS). The latter is contractually linked to EASN and is exclusively authorized to act on its behalf in the frame of research projects, including project management and administration. Explicitly, the main services offered by EASN-TIS involve setting up, executing and monitoring the projects’ dissemination, communication and networking activities ensuring the wide and effective spread of their achievements to the relevant target audiences, while at the same time safeguarding the IP rights of the consortium. Other services offered by EASN-TIS include project management, consortium creation, proposal preparation and development of specialized studies related to the formulation of EU policies.

The role of EASN-TIS is to ensure the effective communication and dissemination of the project, towards achieving a big outreach and maximizing EFFICOMP’s impact by exploring the exploitation potential of the project’s results.

RIMCOF (R&D Institute of Metals and Composites for Future Industries)

RIMCOF (R&D Institute of Metals and Composites for Future Industries) is a legal entity organized and existing under the Japanese law. 

RIMCOF has been established on July 12, 2016, by SOKEIZAI Center, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI), Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. (KHI), and Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd. (FHI).  SOKEIZAI Center is a Japanese incorporated foundation.  MHI, KHI and FHI are Japanese airframe manufacturers. 

The primary objective of RIMCOF is to conduct research projects on aircraft materials and structures under contract with METI (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry) and/or a Japanese official organization, NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization).

NCC

National Composites Center Japan (NCC)

NCC

The Nagoya University has a 144-year history, dating from when the Temporary Medical School/Public Hospital -- the forerunner of today's Nagoya University -- was established in 1871. The University became the last Imperial University of Japan in 1939, and the educational reforms in 1949 led to the beginning of Nagoya University under the new education system. From that time to this day, the University has been pursuing steady development.

With its free and vibrant academic culture, which has been passed down since its foundation, Nagoya University has been stepping up efforts to achieve two fundamental objectives stated in the Nagoya University Academic Charter established in 2000: "Nagoya University, through creative research activity, shall pursue the truth and produce results of scholastic distinction on the international stage" and "Nagoya University, through an education that values initiative, shall cultivate courageous intellectuals endowed with powers of rational thought and creativity".

The National Composite Center (NCC) was established in April 2012, and was later moved to Nagoya university center in January 2014.

Fuji Heavy Industries

Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd.  or FHI, is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate primarily involved in aerospace and ground transportation manufacturing, known for its line of Subaru automobiles. 

The FHI Aerospace Company, located in Utsunomiya City, Tochigi and in Handa City, Aichi, has been involved in the development and production of various aircrafts. In the area of commercial airplanes, the Aerospace Company has been participating at the international joint development of Boeing 767,777 and 787. With the achievements of three programs, the Aerospace Company will take part in the development and production of the center wing section, integration of the center wing section with the main landing gear wheels wells, main landing gear doors, and wing-to-body fairings (forward). 

Utilizing the technologies and experiences accumulated in many years, the Aerospace Company plays a key role in development and production of unmanned utility vehicles (UAVs) in Japan. The Aerospace Company has developed the Flying Forward Observation System (FFOS) and the unmanned aircraft research system for the Japan Ministry of Defense (MOD). The Aerospace Company also works on the development and data acquisition of unmanned supersonic aircrafts together with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). 

The Aerospace Company delivers many fixed-wing aircrafts to MOD as the prime contractor. The delivers of these aircrafts stated with the T-1 trainer, the Japan first postwar domestically produced jet trainer and cumulative deliveries continues with the deliveries of the T-5 (primary trainer of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force), the T-7 (primary trainer of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force), and the U-125/U-125A (search and rescue aircraft of Japan Air Self-Defense Force). 

In the field of helicopters, the Aerospace Company currently manufactures the AH-64D (production license from Boeing) as the only attack helicopter manufacturer in Japan. In addition the Aerospace Company performs operational supports for helicopters operated by the Japan Coast Guard, local governments and police. With accumulated innovative and advanced technologies, the Aerospace Company challenges in new fields, and to enhance its presence in worldwide.

Main products of the FHI Aerospace company are:

  • AH-64D attack helicopter
  • UH-1J utility helicopter/T-5 primary trainer
  • The unmanned utility vehicle
  • The center wing of Boeing 777
  • The center wing of Boeing 787

TORAY

TORAY

TORAY

Toray Group is an integrated chemical industry group developing its business in 26 countries and regions worldwide. Toray Group combines nanotechnology with its core technologies of organic synthetic chemistry, polymer chemistry and biotechnology, based on which it globally develops the Foundation Businesses of fibers & textiles and plastics & chemicals as well as businesses such as IT-related products, carbon fiber composite materials, pharmaceuticals & medical products, environment & engineering including water treatment.

The main Business of the TORAY Group are manufacturing, processing and sales of the  following products, among others:

  • Fibers and Textiles; Filament yarns, staple fibers, spun yarns, woven and knitted fabrics of nylon, polyester and acrylics; non-woven fabrics; ultra-microfiber non-woven fabric with suede texture, apparel products
  • Plastics and Chemicals; (Except films and plastic products included in IT-related Products listed below)
  • Nylon, ABS, PBT, PPS and other resins and molded products polyolefin foam; polyester, polypropylene, PPS and other films and processed film products; raw materials for synthetic fibers and plastics; zeolite catalysts; fine chemicals such as raw materials for pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals; veterinary medicine
  • IT-related Products; Films and plastic products for information and telecommunication related products; electronic circuits and semiconductor related materials; color filters for LCDs and related materials; magnetic recording materials; graphic materials and IT-related equipment
  • Carbon Fiber Composite Materials; Carbon fibers, carbon fiber composite materials and their molded products
  • Environment and Engineering; Comprehensive engineering; condominiums; industrial equipment and machinery; environment-related equipment; water treatment membranes and related equipment; materials for housing, building and civil engineering applications
  • Life Science; Pharmaceuticals and medical devices
  • Other Businesses; Analysis, physical evaluation, and research related services

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 690802.

This project is commissioned by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization( NEDO) in Japan.

 

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